The Geologist will select areas where rocks and minerals have been formed by sedimentary processes, and determine whether they were formed in a wet or dry environment. Watch an excerpt video from the BBC's 'Life on Mars' that examines the links between life on Mars and Earth, and evidence of water.
Once a target has been selected, the Rover is driven to the location by the Navigation Engineer.
Use the scientific instruments mounted on the Rover's Robotic Arm (operated by the Robotics Engineer) to analyse samples.
The Thermal Emission Spectrometer uses little power to operate, and is good for providing a quick, general identification of rocks and minerals.
The Mossbauer Spectrometer uses a lot of power and is used to identify iron-bearing minerals formed in hot watery environment; search for Jarosite and Siderite, and possibly fossil evidence of Martian life.
The Microscope uses little power and is used to identify minerals.
Compare your data with the Mission Control Data Base Library to identify your samples, and describe the type of environment in which they were formed.
Prepare an accurate SURVEY MAP and a REPORT.